James B. Ames
Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley
The main focus of our research is to use NMR and other biophysical techniques to elucidate the molecular structure and function of neuronal calcium sensor proteins that regulate phototransduction in vision and other signal transduction processes. We're currently studying retinal recoverin, a calcium sensor in vision, and the guanylate cyclase activating proteins (GCAPs), implicated in autosomal dominant cone dystrophy. Our studies also include neuronal homologs, such as the DREAM protein in the brain that serves as a transcriptional repressor for pain modulation as well as a sublcass of EF-hand proteins (CaBPs) that modulate the activity of neuronal Ca2+ channels. This emerging family of proteins is important for signal transduction generally because Ca2+-induced conformational changes in these proteins control their cellular location and capacity to interact with membrane-bound targets and/or DNA elements. The long-term goal of our work is to develop an atomic-level understanding of how neuronal calcium sensor proteins operate in signal transduction and disease processes.
Education, Awards and Professional Highlights
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, AAAS (2016)
- Appointed to UC Davis faculty (2006)
- Associate Professor, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (2004-2006)
- Assistant Professor, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (1998-2004)
- Postdoctoral Fellow, Stanford University (1993-1997)
- Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley (1992)
- B.S. University of Michigan (1986)
- Rockwell NC, Martin SS, Lim S, Lagarias JC, Ames JB (2015) Characterization of Red/Green Cyanobacteriochrome NpR6012g4 by Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: A Hydrophobic Pocket for the C15-E, anti Chromophore in the Photoproduct. Biochemistry, 54:3772-83.
- Park S, Li C, Haeseleer FJ, Palczewski K, Ames JB (2014) Structural Insights into Activation of the Retinal L-type Ca2+ Channel (Cav1.4) by Ca2+-binding Protein 4 (CaBP4). J. Biol. Chem., 289:31262-73.
- Zhang Y, Matt L, Patriarchi T, Malik ZA, Chowdhury D, Park DK, Renieri A, Ames JB and Hell JW (2014) Capping of the N-terminus of PSD-95 by calmodulin triggers its postsynaptic release. EMBO J., 33:1341-53.
- Li C, Enomoto M, Rossi AM, Seo M-D, Taufiq R, Stathopulos PB, Taylor CW, Ikura M, and Ames JB (2013) CaBP1, a neuronal Ca2+ sensor protein, inhibits inositol trisphosphate receptors by clamping inter-subunit interactions. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 110:8507-12.
- Myers WK, Xu X, Li C, Lagerstedt JO, Budamagunta MS, Voss JC, Britt RD, and Ames JB (2013) Double electron-electron resonance probes Ca(2+)-induced conformational changes and dimerization of recoverin. Biochemistry, 52:5800-8.
- Seo MD, Velamakanni S, Ishiyama N, Stathopulos PB, Rossi AM, Khan SA, Dale P, Li C, Ames JB, Ikura M & Taylor CW (2012) Structural and functional conservation of key domains in InsP3 and ryanodine receptors. Nature, 483:108-12.